A 2008 scandal involving tainted formula that killed six children and sickened more than 300,000 prompted Chinese consumers to shun local brands and created huge demand for foreign products, both those sold through normal channels and those informally imported.
Two global food giants facing a Chinese government probe over alleged price-fixing of baby formula have said they are cutting prices in the world's largest market for the product.
A spokeswoman for France's Danone (IW 1000/171) told AFP on Thursday that its Dumex subsidiary would reduce baby formula prices in China, adding details would be announced later.
A unit of Swiss-based Nestle (IW 1000/37), Wyeth Nutrition, said it had already slashed prices by as much as 20% after the government launched an investigation into several foreign firms.
Wyeth confirmed the investigation by China's top economic planner, which had been reported by state media, and pledged in a statement "immediately" to cut prices on some formula products by six to 20%.
The responses came after media reports Tuesday that the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) had launched a probe of foreign baby formula makers for high prices resulting from a monopoly-like situation.
Wyeth said it was "actively cooperating with the anti-monopoly investigation" and promised not to raise prices on new formula products for a year.
A spokeswoman for Wyeth's parent Nestle confirmed the moves but declined further comment.
A 2008 scandal involving tainted formula that killed six children and sickened more than 300,000 has prompted Chinese consumers to shun local brands and created huge demand for foreign products, both those sold through normal channels and those informally imported.
Buyers looking to supply Chinese consumers caused shortages of formula at retailers in several European countries and Australia earlier this year.
The government has vowed to crack down on safety violators and called for strict monitoring of milk powder production in an attempt to restore public trust in domestic companies.
But Shanghai mother Wan Leilei buys formula from Abbott Laboratories for her six-month-old son, saying she is undeterred by the higher price. "I, as well as most other Chinese, will spare no money when it comes to kids," she said.
"As long as I trust the brand... price changes, either up or down, do not affect my buying decisions that much."
Besides Wyeth, Danone and Abbott (IW 1000/118), other foreign companies being investigated by the NDRC include Mead Johnson Nutrition, and Dutch firm Royal FrieslandCampina, which produces the Friso brand, according to state media.
Mead Johnson (IW 500/238) said earlier this week it was "fully cooperating" with the enquiry and was providing products at "good value" to customers.
Beyond Baby Formula?
In a possible sign the investigation could stretch beyond baby formula, New Zealand's Fonterra said it had been contacted regarding a wide-ranging investigation into consumer dairy products, Dow Jones Newswires reported.
The Chinese government is under pressure to ensure quality products at reasonable prices following repeated food safety scandals, an analyst said.
"There is a bit of a tendency to direct extra attention at foreign firms," said Ben Cavender of Shanghai-based consultancy China Market Research Group.
"Any situation where it's being construed that companies might be selling premium products and artificially keeping prices up, there's going to be a backlash," he added.
Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2013