Even if you think you understand the data you use to run your business, you can do better. Whether we're talking about understanding market data, plant floor metrics or the motherlode of government reports that track the state of the U.S. economy, the need exists to question and dig deeper for a more clear understanding.
Data, after all, isn't any different from anything else: Your use of it must be continuously improved.
Contributing author Larry Fast knows there's a problem even within factories that have tracked production metrics for decades. In a recent series about selecting metrics to drive continuous improvement, he several times notes shortcomings in factories he's toured. It was Larry's series, along with the current political disputes about facts and our own use of data to measure audience engagement, that cause me to highlight the use—and misuse—of data.
While Fast's articles focus on plant-floor metrics necessary to drive continuous improvement, it's not just a tutorial about how to set, collect and analyze plant-floor metrics. It's a masters' class about how to think about data.
Notably, Fast carefully explains the environment that he's talking about; this makes clear (or should) that in different situations, other metrics would be used. As well, though he offers a list of areas that are likely candidates for tracking, he doesn't dictate. Instead, he recommends that leaders review their particular plant or situation and ask themselves: "Are you measuring the correct things and receiving actionable reports from those responsible?"
He suggests digging deeper into what you think you know, by challenging current metrics and trying to identify new metrics that are needed to drive improvement. Further, he suggests that you engage your staff in this review process—both to help them better understand the data and to help you understand what they need.
Making this matter urgent is the step-change in the type, quantity and frequency of data we're expected to process—and act on—each day to drive our businesses. With the coming of the Internet of Things and the related increased use of automated data collection and analysis, our approach to data must adapt.
Leveraging artificial intelligence, to be sure, will play a role in helping, but it is not a substitute for human analysis. Indeed, AI comes with its own demands on you and your staff.
My big concern is that, as data become ubiquitous, it's critical to understand where and how it was collected. Too often, I see reports that purport to measure something, but a detailed review exposes a flaw in how it was collected, compiled, interpreted or reported. Other times, I see plants continue to gather and report data that are no longer needed. At other times, I see calculations that are flawed.
Nothing good has ever come from making a decision based on bad data, the wrong data, or an incorrect interpretation of good data. Yet, executives and staff at all levels are increasingly at risk of doing so. Don't let that happen to you.