VW’s oldest 2-liter diesels covered by the case — including Jetta, Golf and Beetle models dating back to 2009 — will emit more pollution than allowed under the emissions standards the company evaded. Meanwhile, New York...
The report said automakers can draw on an array of technologies to satisfy the fuel economy target, and it will cost less than expected.
Battle lines formed quickly around the government’s assessment.
Hyundai and Kia have said they plan to have more than two dozen environment-friendly vehicles in their lineups by the end of the decade, including electric cars and hybrids.
The Golden State and its Air Resources Board tagged VW’s plan to fix its 3.0-liter models as inadequate — and a buyback could add another $3 billion to the final scandal cost.
Volkswagen is also considering locations for making those batteries — with an expectant sales volume of 2 million to 3 million electric cars by 2025 in mind.