Uganda on Oct. 8 opened a $38 million plant that will manufacture generic versions of AIDS drugs for domestic and export markets. The Kampala-based Quality Chemicals Ltd., will start producing antiretrovirals (ARVs) in January with help and ingredients from Indian drugmaker Cipla.
The firm will also manufacture artemisinin combination (ACTs), a therapy that treats malaria, the largest killer in the east African nation of 27 million.
Starting January, the pharma will be making two million tablets per day -- 600 million tablets a year -- with an ambition of increasing to 1.2 billion tablets a year. Extra ARVs will be exported to Kenya, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan.
AIDS has killed at least one million Ugandans since it was first diagnosed some 24 years ago, while a similar number carry the virus that causes the disease. The country has managed to scale down its infection rates from as high as 30% in early 1990s to about 6% currently.
Uganda joins Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa as the only African nations with firms that produce generics. Mozambique plans to take the same direction.
At the end of 2005, around 40 million people lived with AIDS or HIV, nearly two-thirds of them south of the Sahara, according to UN figures.
Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2007