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China Factory Workers Hold US Boss over Wage Dispute

June 25, 2013
The Chinese general manager and controller of the factory are also being held.

BEIJING -- An American factory boss in China held hostage for five days by workers said on AFP Tuesday he won't be released until a labor dispute is resolved and that authorities have declined to intervene.

Chip Starnes, who had come from the U.S.-based Specialty Medical Supplies company to lay off 30 employees, said the remaining 100 then barred him from leaving until they reached a resolution.

Incidents of workers detaining bosses are not frequently reported, but labor disputes are common in China, with many workers fearing bosses will shut operations and disappear without paying wages.

"They adamantly said, I'm here to stay, live in my office and live on the cot until this gets done," Starnes said by phone.

"And they said that my office is very nice so I have nothing to complain about."

Starnes said dozens of employees were guarding the exits of the work site, located in the northern Beijing district of Huairou.

Meanwhile local authorities were providing three meals a day and made sure no violence broke out. But, Starnes said, officials won't intervene.

"The police? They will not get involved in this whatsoever."

The district police could not be reached for comment.

A photographer at the scene said there were eight unmarked police cars and uniformed police officers.

A dozen people were standing inside the grounds, set in an industrial park with several other factories, but no workers were available to be interviewed.

Upbeat Despite Constraints

Starnes -- standing near a barred window in a bluish shirt, having worn the same clothes for days -- sounded upbeat despite his constraints.

"Put everybody in a playpen together and that's where you stay until someone wins, I guess, and that's what we're going through right now," he said.

Chu Lixiang, an official from the Huairou labor union involved in the negotiations, declined to say if Starnes had freedom of movement.

"It's his office and his factory, and he's just been staying here negotiating," she said.

Starnes said the Chinese general manager and controller of the factory were also being held.

The nature of the disagreement was itself under dispute.

The Xinhua state news agency cited a statement from Huairou authorities as saying that the 100 workers were seeking two months' overdue wages. But Starnes said that they were demanding to be laid off so they could receive severance packages like the 30 who were let go had obtained.

For longtime employees at the factory, opened 10 years ago, the compensation could amount to a year's pay, Starnes said.

The company preferred to keep the 100 workers employed, Starnes said.

He said that due to an oversight the 30 laid-off employees had not received their last two months' salary, but added that the error was fixed Monday.

"Everybody is 100 percent up-to-date on payment," he said.

The Florida-based company has 200 employees altogether.

Geoffrey Crothall, spokesman for the Hong Kong-based advocacy group China Labour Bulletin, said it recorded 200 labor disputes in the first four months of 2013, though the actual figure could be much higher.

Workers harbored a particular fear of bosses closing down operations without distributing final paycheques, he said. "A lot of workers are highly sensitized to this kind of thing because they see it happening across China all the time."

Even if the fear was unfounded, Crothall said, such misunderstandings were "very typical" and "the cause of many, many disputes in China."

Local authorities usually only intervened if violence broke out, and preferred such incidents to be resolved quickly, he said.

"Having the boss in a place where they know where he is, that facilitates that process," he said.

US embassy spokesman Nolan Barkhouse said its officials had visited Starnes on Monday and confirmed that he was safe.

-Carol Huang, AFP

 Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2013

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