US Job Creation Picks Up in February

US Job Creation Picks Up in February

March 7, 2014
The U.S. generated 175,000 jobs in February, a modest rebound from two disappointing, weather-beaten months that analysts said suggests economic growth remains on track.

WASHINGTON -- The U.S. generated 175,000 jobs in February, data showed today, a modest rebound from two disappointing, weather-beaten months that analysts said suggests economic growth remains on track.

The figure, which came after a series of poor indicators that had led economists to cut their forecasts, was still below the 200,000-plus level that would erase doubts about the economy's strength.

But, coupled with an upward revision to the December and January figures that added another 25,000 jobs to the picture, the February achievement allowed many to believe that the main problem has been the extra-severe winter storms that have pummeled the eastern half of the country for months.

"The extreme cold and snowy weather had a modest dampening effect on employment in February," said Sal Guatieri, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets. "But growth still picked up more than expected, suggesting the labor market could soon return to the solid pace established before the polar vortex dug in."

The unemployment level, based on the household survey, a separate set of numbers from the establishment survey's job creation data, rose back to where it was in December, 6.7%, after falling to 6.6%.

That swing was in part due to the distortionary jump in the total number of people who were reported employed in January being canceled out by a very small increase in February.

In all, 10.5 million people remained unemployed across the country in February, slightly higher than January but down from 12.1 million a year ago.

The establishment survey showed the private sector employed a net 162,000 more people last month, while government at all levels boosted payrolls by 13,000.

Small Gains in Manufacturing, Construction

Job gains were strongest in professional and business services, and in education and health, while gains in manufacturing and construction were small.

The establishment data suggested some of the impact of the harsh winter storms that have battered the country east of the Rocky Mountains. Average weekly hours worked fell to 34.2, compared with 34.5 a year ago.

But average weekly earnings rose to a 2.2% gain year-over-year, a positive sign after having lagged other gains in the economy since the 2007-2009 recession.

There were still significant weaknesses. The number of people working part time because of slack business conditions fell, but those reporting that they could only find part-time work rose.

The number of people unemployed for more than 27 weeks also surged, by 203,000.

And the labor force participation rate remained at a very low 63.0%.

Analysts said that on balance the data shows a sluggish economy, but not one moving backward.

"Given the weather-related noise, the only real message is that the economy does not appear to be accelerating significantly, but no downward pressure either," said Douglas Holtz-Eakin, president of the conservative American Action Forum and a former White House chief economist.

Most economists said the jobs figures were strong enough that the central bank did not need to make any changes to its current policies.

Judging the economy is increasingly expanding on its own strength, the Federal Reserve began reducing its stimulus program in January, cutting it each month by $10 billion to the current $65 billion a month.

The Federal Open Market Committee meets again on March 18-19 to decide whether to slow the stimulus taper, and the issue of whether the recent economic weakness was weather-related or more fundamental has weighed over that decision.

"Since the February report was solid, we now expect more tapering at the FOMC meeting," said Jason Schenker of Prestige Economics.

Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2014

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