Energy Subsidies Shift Balance of Power Toward Chinese Steel Makers

Jan. 11, 2008
New report says China's steel industry is based on government interverntion, oversight and subsidies.

Thanks to "massive, trade-distorting energy subsidies" estimated at $25 billion over the past five years, China has become the largest producer and consumer of steel in the world, claims Usha Haley, director of the Global Business Center at the University of New Haven, and a principal of Haley and Associates.

In a report prepared for the Alliance for American Manufacturing, a trade organization that aims to strengthen the U.S. steel industry, Haley observes that "the Chinese steel industry as it exists today stems from government intervention, oversight and subsidies," which she says accounts for a dramatic shift from being a net importer to the largest exporter of steel within a period of two or three years.

"Our analysis shows that energy subsidies have a very strong correlation with Chinese steel exports," Haley says. "In fact, the connection is so clear that, essentially, it's possible to almost perfectly predict China's steel exports from its energy subsidies." These subsidies include support for thermal and coking coal, electricity and natural gas.

Haley's report is available at

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During his career Dave Blanchard has led the editorial management of many of Endeavor Business Media's best-known brands, including IndustryWeekEHS Today, Material Handling & LogisticsLogistics Today, Supply Chain Technology News, and Business Finance. He also serves as senior content director of the annual Safety Leadership Conference. With over 30 years of B2B media experience, Dave literally wrote the book on supply chain management, Supply Chain Management Best Practices (John Wiley & Sons, 2010), which has been translated into several languages and is currently in its second edition. He is a frequent speaker and moderator at major trade shows and conferences, and has won numerous awards for writing and editing. He is a voting member of the jury of the Logistics Hall of Fame, and is a graduate of Northern Illinois University.

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