Germany Outlines Bold Plan to Drive Electric Cars

May 16, 2011
Berlin set to double financial aid to the industry, with spending of $2.8 billion by 2013, especially for research and development into more powerful batteries.

Germany outlined Monday a bold plan to rev up the number of all-electric cars on its roads from next to nothing to one million in under 10 years, helping its automakers shift into the key sector.

While only 2,000 to 3,000 all-electric cars are currently registered in a country of 40 million vehicles, Chancellor Angela Merkel dreams of boosting their number to a million by 2020, and possibly six million by 2030.

Germany must become "a market leader" in the new technology, Merkel told a press conference on Monday.

While Germany's automakers have driven to the top of the luxury segment, they have only belatedly moved to bring gas-electric hybrid or electric-only vehicles to the market.

Berlin is to double its financial aid to the industry, with spending of two billion euros (US$2.8 billion) by 2013, especially for research and development into more powerful batteries, a key technology for improving performance and reducing the price tag of electric vehicles.

But Merkel rejected the idea of subsidizing the cost of buying electric cars which remain far more expensive than conventional cars.

"A premium to buy isn't the right answer," she said.

Mitsubishi's all-electric i-Miev, one of the first to be mass-produced, retails at more than 30,000 euros, a price far superior to other cars in its class.

The German government will nevertheless try to encourage sales by other means.

Merkel said any car emitting less than 50 grams of CO2 per kilometer -- something no gas-powered car can do -- would be exempt from road tax for 10 years.

She also promised to reform the way company vehicles are taxed to give electric cars an advantage.

Electric cars would also be allowed to use bus lanes in towns, while some parking and charging would be free.

The government would also ensure that 10% of its hiring or buying of cars would involve electric cars, she added.

The chancellor acknowledged that it would "not be easy" for Germany to become a market leader in the new technology as foreign manufacturers have stolen a march on its development.

A switch to electric vehicles is seen as crucial to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and dependency on foreign oil imports.

But it is also seen as key to protecting the German automobile industry, one of the economy's main engines.

"Batteries must be manufactured in Germany to guarantee employment throughout the production chain," the German federation of electric and electro-technical industries has warned.

"We must make sure that expertise remains based in Germany," Willi Diez, head of the Automobile Marketing Research Institute told Handelsblatt newspaper.

Germany's Automobile Federation (VDA), for its part, has announced that this year's Frankfurt international car show, to be held from Sept. 15-25, would highlight electric cars.

The world's leading luxury car maker, BMW, has said it will launch its first all-electric urban vehicle in 2013, two years earlier than planned.

Daimler is poised to unveil an electric version of its mini "smart" car, as well as a version of its Mercedes A class this year, while Volkswagen, Europe's biggest automaker, expects to launch its electric car in 2013.

Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2011

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