Twelve European companies launched a 400-billion-euro (US$560 billion) initiative on July 13 to plant huge solar farms in Africa and the Middle East to produce energy for Europe.
The consortium says the massive proposal could provide up to 15% of Europe's electricity needs by 2050.
Engineering giants ABB and Siemens, energy groups E.ON and RWE and financial institutions Deutsche Bank and Munich Re are among the companies which signed a protocol in Munich. "Today we have taken a step forward" towards the project's realisation, said Nikolaus von Bomhard, head of the reinsurance giant Munich Re, which hosted the signing.
Other companies invoved are the Spanish firm ABENGOA Solar and the Algerian conglomerate Cevital along with several German banks and engineering companies.
The Desertec Industrial Initiative (DII) would build solar-power generators from Morocco to Saudi Arabia and pump electricity to Europe via undesea cables. It would also provide a "substantial portion of the power needs of the producer countries," the Desertec foundation said , and transform sea water into drinking and irrigation water for local populations.
Renewable energy analyst Sebastaian Zank at West LB bank, which is not involved in the project, said it might succeed but only "in the very, very long term. "As long as there are no transmission networks between these two continents this is more or less a nice future fantasy," Zank said.
Under the protocol, a Desertec study office to be established by October will have three years to elaborate plans to create the network of solar farms and transmission networks and find the funds. Representatives of the Arab League and the Egyptian energy ministry also attended the protocol's signing.
The Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper said in June that electricity could begin flowing to Europe within 10 years.
West LB analyst Zank said some plants were already being developed in North Africa and "one can say that solar thermal energy will already be produced next year, but not with the intention of exporting this electricity to Europe." Undersea networks could be built quickly, he added, but "at the moment the costs are so high it is not economically viable."
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso have hailed the initiative however, though others have voiced criticism. German Social Democratic deputy Hermann Scheer said it was not necessary to go to North Africa to collect the sun's rays, and added: "We could invest the 400 billion euros here" in the recession-hit eurozone. He also preferred a network of decentralized operators that produced renewable energy from many sources rather than having one key project in the hands of major corporations. Others doubt producer countries would fully benefit from a plan designed with Europe in mind, leading the business daily Handelsblatt to warn of potential "eco-colonialism."
Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2009