Iraq signed a deal with Chinese energy giant CNOOC and Turkey's TPAO on May 17 to develop a major southern oilfield complex, its 11th deal with foreign energy firms as Baghdad aims to boost crude output.
Among the three fields in the Maysan complex, along Iraq's border with Iran, is one partially claimed by Tehran, whose forces took over an oil well in the Fakka field in December for several days but withdrew after bilateral talks.
"Today is a very important day in the history of Iraqi oil production, with the development of very important fields in Maysan province," Oil Minister Hussein al-Shahristani said at the contract signing in Baghdad.
"After several contacts with CNOOC and TPAO, a price for exploitation has been agreed." The fields were first put up for auction in June last year but no agreement was reached.
CNOOC and TPAO agreed to be paid $2.30 per barrel of oil extracted from the three Maysan fields, which has proven reserves of 2.6 billion barrels of oil, Shahristani said.
Under the deal, output is projected to be ramped up to 450,000 barrels per day (bpd), compared to current production of around 100,000 bpd.
CNOOC will have an 85% stake in the joint venture, while TPAO holds the remaining 15%. The Iraqi government will have a 25% stake in the overall project.
The agreed deal was worth around a tenth of what was initially requested -- CNOOC and Sinochem, another Chinese energy firm, had asked for $21.4 per barrel when the field was auctioned to foreign firms last June. Sinochem has since pulled out of the deal.
Last year, Iraq held two auctions of its oil fields for development, the first time foreign energy firms have had the opportunity to plant a foot firmly in the country since its energy sector was nationalized in 1972.
The Maysan deal means Chinese companies now have stakes in four major oil projects in Iraq.
As with the CNOOC-TPAO deal, companies which sign contracts with Iraq will receive a fixed fee per barrel, not a share of profits, and the fee will only be paid once an agreed production threshold is reached.
The 11 deals signed by Iraq so far will, if fully realized, ramp up its oil output five-fold to 12 million bpd, putting it on a par with the world's top producer Saudi Arabia.
However, there has been little exploration or development of fields in the past three decades because of wars and a UN embargo imposed on Iraq in 1990 following now-executed dictator Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.
Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2010