Machinery and equipment manufacturers are benefiting from the improvement in the overall manufacturing economy, according to a new study from Grant Thornton, but the firm says the sector is being fundamentally reshaped by a "complex mix of market and regulatory factors."
Increased manufacturing activity "will spur purchases of equipment in addition to the increased export demand for machinery in developing countries, and will be fueled by an extension of certain government credits and incentives," says Wally Gruenes, Grant Thornton's national managing partner, in the study, "A Well-Oiled Machine: Maximizing Machinery and Equipment Opportunities, Minimizing Risks." In 2010, new machinery orders were estimated at $288.8 billion, an increase of 21.1% over 2009.
Machinery exports were also up more than 20% in 2010, to $137.56 billion. In 2010, the United States had a favorable trade balance, exporting $32.07 billion more in machinery than it imported.
Gruenes notes that with the recovery taking hold, there are "increasing opportunities for strategic buyers, business sellers and those looking to pull cash out of their businesses." The report notes that merger and acquisition activity is strong and private equity firms are holding $500 billion in capital.
To take advantage of the recovery, the report says, now is the time for strategic buyers to make acquisitions.The report cites five "megadeals" that occurred in the fourth quarter of 2010, including Caterpillar's purchase of Bucyrus International for $8.6 billion and ABB's acquisition of Baldor Electric for $4.2 billion. "Given the robust M&A activity in this sector, machinery and equipment businesses have a good chance of finding a strategic buyer in this market," says Ian Cookson, director, Grant Thornton Corporate Finance.
Despite the concerns of businesses about taxes, the report notes that many equipment manufacturers are not taking advantage of a variety of tax benefits. For example, the 2010 Tax Relief Act "offers 100% first-year depreciation for qualified assets (those with depreciable lives of less than 20 years) placed in service after Sept. 8, 2010, but no later than Dec. 31, 2011."
Another opportunity comes from the Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, which extends Section 179 expensing to machinery and equipment purchased and installed during the 2011 tax year. The report notes that a company can expense up to $500,000 in equipment purchases made in the current year. Moreover, when Section 179 expensing is exhausted, a company can "transfer the remainder of their investment to bonus depreciation."
Gruenes says the inability of manufacturers, particularly small-to-medium size firms, to recognize these tax benefits is cause for concern. He notes that such firms are considered the "key to the economic recovery" and failure to take advantage of tax breaks provides less money for investment. He says the complexity of the tax code needs to be addressed.
Challenged by Change
The report says a number of factors are driving manufacturers to develop more flexible supply chains. It notes that "rising energy and transportation costs, restive labor movements in emerging markets and volatile commodity costs are leading many companies to complement distant suppliers with other options closer to home." An anticipated rise in demand, the report states, should give manufacturers reason to consider moving manufacturing facilities closer to distributions centers, thereby "enabling shorter and more reliable delivery times and lower shipping costs."
While machinery and equipment sales are improving, it has resulted in only a modest rise in employment, the study noted. The industry ended 2010 with 998,800 employees, a gain of about 2% from the low in 2009.
Gruenes says companies continue to invest in equipment and in IT to improve productivity and quality, and offset higher hourly labor costs. He notes that the United States generally has a labor component that is five points lower than the rest of the world
Though the industry is not hiring large numbers of new workers, it nevertheless faces the issue of an aging workforce that will be retiring over the next few years. In addition, customers are looking to equipment manufacturers to provide more value through engineering services. "After years of underinvesting in new talent, companies will be particularly challenged if they rely on higher-value engineering skills," he commented.
Gruenes says many manufacturers "feel good about the things they can control" in their businesses but remain unsettled about macroeconomic issues such as tax rates, national debt, raw material prices and energy costs. As a result, he says, "Business is improving but they are unwilling to go all in."