The last week of April, I visited the Fargo, N.D., region as the guest of the North Dakota Department of Commerce's Economic Development & Finance Division, which is charged with coordinating the state's economic development resources to attract, retain and expand wealth. My host was Paul Lucy, former director of the Economic Development & Finance Division. We visited several companies and met with heads of organizations working to accelerate the growth of emerging companies and retain successful existing companies.
For many people, the only impression they have of Fargo is based on the movie and subsequent TV series of the same name. I never saw the movie and haven't watched the TV series, but I have a cousin in Fargo who is always bragging about what is happening, especially what celebrity is coming to perform. I learned that the Red River is the boundary between North Dakota and Minnesota, and about 230,000 people live in the greater Fargo/Moorhead region. It has one private and two public four-year universities, along with several community, technical, and business schools. With nearly 30,000 college students, it is a college town that rivals any in the nation.
As we began our first day of appointments, Paul said, "There are development projects in motion that have a vision of making downtown Fargo a more vibrant place to live and work, which could lessen urban sprawl and result in more efficient investment in city infrastructure and services. An added bonus would be the preservation of more of North Dakota’s fertile farmland for agriculture production."
Our first appointment was a breakfast meeting at Emerging Prairie, a co-working space in downtown Fargo. We met with Greg Tehven, executive director of Emerging Prairie. He said he grew up on a farm and is a 5th generation North Dakotan. When he was attending the University of Minnesota, he remembers that one of his professors recommended that North Dakota be turned back to the prairie because from 1930 - 2000 there was a "brain drain," when the best and brightest left the state.
Greg said, "I never intended to go back to North Dakota when I graduated, but while I was an undergrad at the Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota in 2003, I co-founded Students Today, Leaders Forever. After graduating, I joined the Kilbourne Group and worked on a variety of projects to stimulate growth and entrepreneurship in downtown Fargo.
He explained, "I burned out and worked my way around the world in 2010. I had a Rotary Ambassador scholarship and got accepted to the University of Manchester to study social change in 2011. I had a year before I started school, so I worked for Doug Burgum for a year and discovered "urbanism." When I gave a TEDx Talk in Minneapolis, I made a conscious choice that instead of studying social change, I wanted to practice social change."
He said, "Three of my friends and I founded Emerging Prairie in 2013 to turn Fargo into a vibrant startup community. Our mission is to connect and celebrate the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Fargo-Moorhead. We do so by operating a wide variety of events and initiatives, such as the Drone Focus Monthly, the Prairie Den co-working and event space Hackathon, Meetup groups, and the Intern Experience. We have TEDxFargo, an independently organized TED event, and 1 Million Cups Fargo, the largest and most active 1 Million Cups program in the country.
We support tech-based entrepreneurs. We are not very involved with manufacturing - most of our entrepreneurs are in software. We provide entrepreneurs: (1) a founders-only retreat (2) a platform to share their work and investment opportunities, and (3) access to consultants. I believe in transfer of information, but not a formal mentor relationship. We have to make it a "cool" climate for college students. We host midnight brunches and do a lot of weird and strange things. We have 144 members of our co-working space, modeled like a student union. We have no desire to maximize profits, but to maximize impact. Millennials are wired to maximize impact rather than maximize profits."
He expanded, "We host the TEDxFargo and will have about 2,000 people at the event this summer where the CEO of the Kauffman Foundation will speak. We host an Ecommerce conference in Moorhead. We support the drone industry and run a drone conference that started two years ago with 240 attendees the first year and 330 the second year. We expect about 600 people this year on May 31st. We host different other events and also operate an online publication that highlights the regions entrepreneurs and innovators that are turning Fargo into a flourishing tech hub. In 2016, we became a 501(c)3 non-profit."
While we still work to attract companies to our region, we realized that we needed to work with our two universities to change the philosophy from 'research for papers' to 'research for commercialization' to facilitate start-up companies."
Our next visit put what Greg has said into perspective. We visited the Greater Fargo Moorhead Economic Development Corporation (GFMEDC) where we met with James Gartin, president, Mark Vaux, executive V.P, Business Development, and Lisa Gulland Nelson, V.P., Marketing and Public Relations. Gartin said, "Our goal is to be a key catalyst for business growth and prosperity for the region. As far back as five years ago, we felt that we had a difficult situation because of our workforce and ability to attract new companies with our extremely low unemployment rate that is currently3.4%. Every time we get a RFQ, the first thing we get asked is: Do you have enough employees? We made a commitment early on that we weren't going to take away employees from our existing employers. While we still work to attract companies to our region, we realized that we needed to work with our two universities to change the philosophy from 'research for papers' to 'research for commercialization' to facilitate start-up companies."
He explained, "We have funded Emerging Prairie since its inception and are helping them to support entrepreneurism. We attend and support 1 Million Cups, where the entrepreneurial community meets with K-12 superintendents, organizes manufacturing tours for high schoolers, and recruits companies to our community.
He added, "Gov. Doug Burgum's son, Joe Burgum, is committed to making Fargo the best place on earth to live. He founded Folkways that is a community-building collective dedicated to supporting the region's culture creators. He created the Red River Market, successfully lobbied to bring the ride-sharing service Uber to North Dakota, and puts on a course to help entrepreneurs launch local businesses."
He said, "At North Dakota State University's Research and Technology Park, there is great collaboration to make it a leader in developing Intellectual Property. Entrepreneur magazine ranked Fargo in the top 10 for entrepreneurism. We have a number of '0-60' speed companies in operation, and a lot more that are on the cusp. The most important thing is that our senior leaders are seeing a difference in the growth of business. We modeled our approach after Brad Feld's book, Startup Communities: Building an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in Your City, based on Boulder, Colorado. The start-up phase is 10 years, and we are only 4-5 years into the program. Cities can't push entrepreneurism. You can't make people start companies, but you can help to build the ecosystem."
The supplemental material I was provided revealed that the costs of doing business in North Dakota are around 15% less than the national average because of the following:
* Research and development tax credits
* Corporate income tax exemption
* Property tax exemptions for new or improved buildings
* No personal property or gross receipts taxes
* No sales tax on eligible services, manufacturing or computer/ telecommunications equipment
* Seed and angel capital investment tax credits
* Early-stage financing resources
* State-sponsored workforce training grants
The GFMEDC website states, "Some of our largest employers include divisional, regional, national and global headquarters & facilities for Microsoft Business Solutions, Bobcat Co., John Deere Electronic Solutions, Border States Electric Supply, RDO Equipment Co., Tech Mahindra, Titan Machinery, Nokia HERE and American Crystal Sugar." The Microsoft campus came about when Great Plains Software, Inc. was acquired in 2001. There doesn't seem to be a dominant manufacturing industry in Fargo, as the list of top manufacturers includes farm and construction equipment, power equipment, windows/doors, metal fabrication, steel, and composites.
We also discussed the challenges of solving the skills gap and attracting the next generation of manufacturing workers. Gartin said, "Tip Strategies out of Austin, Tex., did an economic development strategy study for us on how to grow our economy and our workforce. We have funded the plan and are implementing it. We have some of the most unique workforce strategies in the country. Industry and education mesh. We have a very robust Manufacturing Day that we handle. We have funded a Maker Space in Moorhead and helped NDSU create a Maker Space, job shadowing and internships. We have a Tri-College University consortium. Students can take classes and get credit at any of the colleges and pay the same rate. Last year, the two-year technical schools collaborated so that students can take classes at any one for the same rate."
Tri-College University is a unique consortium that allows students enrolled at any one of its five member institutions to take courses at the others at no extra charge, and to apply the credits toward graduation requirements at the home campus. The five member colleges are:
- Concordia College – Moorhead
- Minnesota State University Moorhead
- North Dakota State University – Fargo
- Minnesota State Community & Technical College – Moorhead
- North Dakota State College of Science – Wahpeton & Fargo
When I mentioned The Playbook for Teens program I have written about that mentors middle school girls to get them interested in STEM careers, he said, "We think it needs to start in elementary school in the second or third grade when students are starting to learn math. At NDSU, there is an Engineers in the Classroom program where engineering students work in classrooms to teach math. They matched first and second graders with an engineering student to work with them on project based learning. It was tested in an 8-week program, and every student jumped up two levels. This year, there is an engineering student in every classroom, and the students are about to be tested. This could be the opportunity to show that this works, so that we can apply for a Pew grant to fund the program."
Mark Vaux said, "Our business development program is based on attraction, business retention, and expansion. We visit at least 150 companies on an annual basis looking for opportunities and challenges, so we can help them through the challenges and barriers to growth and recommend actions to take. If companies are buying new equipment or adding workers, there are state programs that will help them."
Lisa Gulland Nelson described some of the Workforce programs they have:
- Operation Intern – primary sector business are eligible for matching funds of up to $30,000 per legislative biennium or $3,000 per intern for hiring North Dakota college students or high school juniors or seniors.
- New Jobs Training Program – matching grants to assist qualified North Dakota employers in training or upgrading their employees' skills.
Overall, I was impressed with North Dakota's policies to provide a favorable business climate for its businesses and wish that California would adopt some of these same policies. The Fargo region is smart to focus on emerging businesses to retain their college graduates and keep them from going to other states for jobs. My next article will cover the incubator at the NDSU Research & Technology Park.