A new handbook produced in by The Manufacturing Institute, the Manufacturers Alliance/MAPI and the U.S. Department of Commerce, concludes that U.S. manufacturing is being challenged by increasing costs including corporate taxes, health care and pensions, regulations and energy and tort litigation.
"The facts clearly illustrate that manufacturing is central to America's economic future," said Emily Stover DeRocco, president, The Manufacturing Institute. "The U.S. has the largest manufacturing economy in the world, producing $1.6 trillion in goods annually. America's global market share of manufacturing has held steady at around 22% for 30 years. Productivity growth is higher in manufacturing than in other sectors, holding down inflation and contributing to a higher standard of living. And one in six U.S. jobs is in or directly tied to manufacturing, which still pays premium wages and benefits.
"Manufacturing continues to generate more economic activity per dollar of production than any other business sector in the country. And manufacturing drives innovation by conducting nearly half of all research and development and creating the bulk of technology in the nation," she added.
"Rising costs, however, are hampering our manufacturers' competitiveness in a global, interconnected marketplace. Non-production costs add almost 18% to U.S. manufacturers' costs relative to our major trading partners," DeRocco said.
DeRocco also noted that the U.S. "is not equipping American students and workers with the right skills needed to compete in the modern global manufacturing economy. We are seeing our global market share eroded, even in high technology areas where we have been dominant. And the trade gap is widening for manufacturers in the U.S., indicating a need for strategies to increase exports, promote free trade and level the playing field."
"In order to recover from the deepest manufacturing recession since the 1930s, it is vital to adopt policies promoting a sound domestic environment for this sector," said Thomas J. Duesterberg, president and chief executive officer of the Manufacturers Alliance/MAPI.
The Facts About Modern Manufacturing book points out several major cost drivers that are hurting U.S. manufacturing competitiveness, investment and job creation:
- U.S. Does Not Keep Pace with Falling Corporate Tax Rates: The U.S. now has the second highest corporate tax rate among our major trading partners, trailing only slightly behind Japan. U.S. corporate tax rates have been essentially unchanged for the past two decades, while all of our major competitors have been lowering theirs.
- High Health Care Costs Hamstring Competitiveness: The U.S. has the most expensive health care in the world relative to the size of its economy. Manufacturers want to continue offering flexible, generous health benefits without increasing the cost of doing business.
- Regulatory Compliance Costs are Large and Growing: Manufacturers spend an estimated $162 billion annually to comply with economic, environmental and workplace safety regulations as well as tax compliance -- equivalent to a 12% value added tax. As an example, U.S. industry is faced with the highest pollution abatement costs compared to its major trading partners -- even higher than the "green economies" of Western Europe.
- Energy is Critical to the Industrial Sector: U.S. manufacturers consume roughly one-third of our nation's available supplies. Most of the manufacturing sector's energy comes from fossil fuels, with natural gas representing the single largest energy source. The rise in fossil fuel prices since 2002 has raised production costs as well as concerns about the availability of secure, reliable and affordable energy supplies.
"All of these challenges underscore how manufacturing in the U.S. is at a crossroads, and the policy choices made today will shape the future of manufacturing in our country. The facts tell us that manufacturing is essential to a robust economy and high living standards. Addressing the underlying pressures that make it difficult to manufacture in the U.S. and making our economy more competitive should be a top priority for policymakers as the nation struggles to recover from the recession and create good jobs," DeRocco concluded.