Alvin Toffler, the U.S. author whose visions of accelerating social change guided Chinese leaders, American politicians and business moguls through the best-selling books “Future Shock” and “The Third Wave,” has died at 87.
Toffler died Monday at his home in Los Angeles, according to a statement from Toffler Associates Inc., the Reston, Virginia-based consulting firm he co-founded with his wife, Heidi Toffler. No cause was given.
Toffler wrote more than a dozen books charting the cultural shift from manufacturing-based economies to those driven by knowledge and data in the 20th century. Working with his wife, Toffler predicted the unfolding of what he coined “the Information Age” and became a guru of sorts to world statesmen.
“Nobody knows the future with certainty,” he said in an interview with China’s People’s Daily newspaper in 2006. “We can, however, identify ongoing patterns of change.”
China’s Zhao Ziyang, Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew and South Korea’s Kim Dae Jung tapped his views as Asia’s emerging markets increased in global significance during the 1980s and 1990s.
In 1994, U.S. House Speaker Newt Gingrich urged members of Congress to read Toffler’s latest book, “Creating a New Civilization.” Toffler’s works also influenced Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim, who became the world’s richest person and a friend of the writer’s, according to a 2007 article in the Wall Street Journal. More than 15 million copies of “Future Shock” have been sold, according to the Tofflers’ website.
“Alvin Toffler was an extraordinary person,” Slim said Wednesday in a Mexico City interview. “He’s one of the few people who have been able to observe and understand the greatest shifts in civilization.”
Toffler’s impact may be most evident in China. In 2006, the Communist Party named him to a list of 50 foreigners who significantly influenced the country in recent centuries. “The Third Wave,” published in 1980, was a best-seller in China, and a video version, produced by Heidi Toffler, was distributed to schools nationwide. The couple said both were pirated, so they didn’t earn any royalties.
“Where an earlier generation of Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese revolutionaries wanted to re-enact the Paris Commune as imagined by Karl Marx, their post-revolutionary successors now want to re-enact Silicon Valley as imagined by Alvin Toffler,” Alexander Woodside wrote in a 1998 essay in Daedalus, a journal published by the American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
“Future Shock,” published in 1970, described society’s development as a series of waves, from the agricultural revolution of the Neolithic Age to industrialization in the 18th century to the Information Age since the 1950s. After “The Third Wave,” “Powershift” in 1991 completed the trilogy, examining how knowledge became the main means of gaining power and wealth, presenting challenges for the nation-state and opportunities for corporations. Toffler forecast that humans would be overwhelmed by the pace of change in everything from technology to politics.
From Cleveland, to New York, to the Future
The Tofflers claimed on their website to have foretold the breakup of the Soviet Union, the reunification of Germany and the rise of the Asia-Pacific region. He said in the People’s Daily interview that “Future Shock” envisioned cable television, video recording, virtual reality and smaller U.S. families.
“He was clear that changes, such as the shift from an agricultural to an industrial civilization, would bring great crisis like that we are seeing and living now, more every day,” said Slim.
While critics said Toffler was often wrong and failed to foresee humans’ ability to adapt to the pace of change, he said futurist debate is essential to making social progress.
“It makes you think,” he said in a 2010 interview published on the NPR radio network’s website. “It opens up the questions of what’s possible. Not necessarily what will be, but what’s possible.”
Alvin Eugene Toffler was born Oct. 4, 1928, in New York to Sam and Rose Toffler, immigrants from Poland.
He studied English at New York University, where he met Adelaide Elizabeth Farrell, known as Heidi, who was starting graduate linguistics study. They dropped out and moved in 1950 to Cleveland, where they married and became factory workers. He was a millwright and welder, while she was a union shop steward in an aluminum foundry, according to their website.
“Working in a factory, as my wife and I both did for four or five years, was like a postgraduate education for us,” Toffler said in a 1998 interview with Australian Broadcasting Corp. “It taught us first of all that people working in factories are no less intelligent than people who work in white shirts.”
Toffler started his writing career writing poetry and fiction at night, and in 1954 applied for a position with Industry and Welding. That magazine later morphed into Welding Design & Fabrication, which was a Penton publication and part of the Manufacturing & Supply Chain group.
After several more years in Cleveland, Toffler moved to a newspaper backed by the International Typographical Union, followed by a stint as Congress and White House correspondent for a Pennsylvania newspaper, the York Gazette and Daily. Returning to New York, Toffler joined Fortune as its labor columnist before writing about business and management for the magazine.
After leaving Fortune in 1961, he wrote a paper on the social and organizational impact of computers for International Business Machines Corp. He advised American Telephone & Telegraph Co., now AT&T Inc., that the company would have to break up, more than a decade before the government forced it to, according to the Toffler website.
The couple co-founded a consulting firm, Toffler Associates, in 1996. It helped clients to “survive — and thrive — in an environment of accelerated change by creating agile and adaptive organizations,” according to its website. In 2006, they published “Revolutionary Wealth,” examining non-monetary wealth in a global economy that has blurred the distinctions between producer and consumer, creating what they call a “prosumer.”
“We futurists have a magic button,” Toffler said in a 2006 interview with Strategy & Business magazine. “We follow every statement about a failed forecast with ‘yet.’”
He is survived by his wife of more than 60 years. The couple had a daughter, Karen, who died in 2000.
By David Henry, with assistance from Stephen Miller and Patricia Laya.