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US Inflation Slows in March But Remains Above Fed Target

April 12, 2023
"Many households continue to make choices about what and how to buy in order to balance their budgets. Inflationary behaviors are still prevalent among Americans," said Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData Retail.

U.S. consumer inflation slowed in March, according to data released Wednesday, but remained well above the Federal Reserve's target despite numerous interest rate hikes over the last year.

The rate of inflation year-over-year fell to 5.0% last month from 6.0% in February, the smallest 12-month increase since May 2021, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The report showed a 0.1% increase in March over the prior month on a seasonally adjusted basis, much lower than the 0.4% reading in February and below analyst expectations as well.

Although greeted by President Joe Biden as a sign of progress, several commentators noted that the inflation rate remains far above the Fed's two percent target, adding that inflation remained elevated when food and energy costs are stripped out.

"The good news is that inflation continues to trend down, with prices increasing at their slowest pace since April 2021," said Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData Retail.

"However, this is not a complete win as prices are still going up," Saunders added. "This means many households continue to make choices about what and how to buy in order to balance their budgets. Inflationary behaviors are still prevalent among Americans."

Analysts still expect the Fed to hike interest rates again next month, albeit by just a quarter percent point, smaller than several recent increases.

- Food and energy -

Chief among the contributors to the milder inflation number was a significant drop in energy prices, offset by higher costs for housing.

Price hikes also accelerated in new vehicles and medical care commodities.

Food prices were flat in the quarter, with prices for meats, poultry and fish falling, while cereals, bakery products and nonalcoholic beverages climbed.

Biden, pointing to the drop in gasoline and grocery prices, said the data "shows continued progress in our fight against inflation," according to a White House statement.

"While inflation is still too high, this progress means more breathing room for hard-working Americans," Biden said.

After years of anemic pricing pressure in the United States and other major economies, inflation roared back to life, beginning in 2021.

Key factors behind the resurgence included supply chain problems that crimped availability of key goods; generous government fiscal packages that kept consumer demand elevated; and the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which increased volatility in the energy market and curtailed supply of some commodities.

In response to soaring inflation, central banks have undertaken a period of aggressive interest rate hikes, including in March, when the Fed and European Central Banks lifted rates despite worries over banking industry instability.

- Troubling signs -

Even with the better headline figure in Wednesday's report, analysts noted that when food and energy were stripped out, a "core" inflation reading remained troublesome.

The year-over-year level of core inflation was 5.6% , up from 5.5% in the February report.

Noting that core services increased in March from the prior month, FHN Financial's Chris Low predicted the latest data "will keep the Fed on its toes, supporting a May rate hike, and perhaps making the case the Fed should start thinking past the next meeting if it really wants to contain wage pressures."

Prestige Economics' Jason Schenker called the report "mixed," noting that the state of the core figures "bolsters the potential for additional rate hikes in the immediate term to ensure high inflation rates do not plateau and remain stuck at these levels."

Nonetheless, the report is the latest evidence that the Fed's streak of interest rate hikes over the last year is weighing on economic activity.

While U.S. labor market data has remained generally solid, recent reports on manufacturing and the services sector have shown signs of slowing.

After opening higher, U.S. stocks dipped in late-morning trading, with the S&P 500 off 0.1%.

Copyright 2023, Agence France-Presse

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