Stagnating Industry a Blow to German Recovery Hopes

March 8, 2013
Manufacturing activity falls as do expectations for sharp economic rebound.

FRANKFURT -- Following an unexpected drop in factory orders, news that German industrial output stagnated in January dealt another blow to hopes for a strong recovery in Europe's biggest economy, analysts said Friday.

A day after data revealed that shrinking exports led to a 1.9% contraction in incoming orders for German industry in January, the economy ministry calculated that industrial output did not grow at all that month due to falling activity in the manufacturing and energy sectors.

Output had expanded by a solid 0.6% month-on-month in December and analysts had been penciling in a further modest increase of around 0.4% for January in what is also the world's fourth biggest economy.

A breakdown of the data showed that while construction output grew by 3.0%, manufacturing output edged down by 0.2% and energy output declined by as much as 2.3%.

Taking the two months combined, to iron out short-term fluctuations, overall output edged 0.3% higher, driven primarily by rising manufacturing output, the ministry calculated.

Analysts said the two sets of disappointing industrial data could dent hopes that Germany has finally put the worst of the debt crisis behind after gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 0.6% in the final quarter of 2012.

"The German industry has stabilized after the decline since late-summer. However, it is still not a sharp and healthy rebound," said ING Belgium economist Carsten Brzeski.

The factory orders data "illustrated that the way out of the contraction will not follow a straight line. The negative side-effects from the crisis in most neighboring countries have become a speed limit to any industrial recovery," the expert said.

"All in all, the German economy looks still set to leave the contraction of the fourth quarter behind, returning to growth in first quarter of 2013. However, it currently rather looks like a cozy ride on a country road than frantic ride on a German highway," Brzeski said.

Meanwhile, the world's third biggest economy in Japan eased out of recession in the last quarter of 2012 with annualized growth of 0.2% as the government and central bank ramped up their fight against deflation.

Back in number four Germany, Berenberg Bank economist Christian Schulz said that industrial output "is stabilizing, but has not yet recovered from the sharp falls in autumn 2012."

"The economy is rebounding from the sharp GDP contraction by 0.6% in the fourth quarter of 2012. But the extent of the rebound remains subject to some uncertainty," he noted.

Jennifer McKeown of Capital Economics said stagnating output "is a blow to hopes that the economy could recover strongly at the start of this year.

"With German unemployment now rising and the euro at a high level, we still doubt that the recovery will be as strong as most forecasters expect," she said.

But Thomas Harjes at Barclays Research was more optimistic.

Despite the weak orders and production data for January, "we continue to believe that Germany's economy reached a turning point late last year and will expand in the first quarter of 2013 at a robust pace," he said.

- by Simon Morgan, AFP

Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2013

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