Profits at industrial firms in China accelerated in November, with raw material producers leading gains, as prices of products such as coal and metals continued to advance.
Industrial profits rose 14.5% from a year earlier to 774.6 billion yuan (US$111 billion), the National Bureau of Statistics said December 27.
That compared with the 9.8% increase in October. Earnings in the first 11 months climbed 9.4% to 6.03 trillion yuan.
Earnings posted the second-strongest gain in more than two years as factory inflation rebounded to a five-year high in November on surging coal and metal prices. That helps manufacturers cut debt and invest more, while delaying efforts to reduce excess capacity.
"Profits of industrial companies have continued to rise this year, but they still face challenges to improve their efficiency," the NBS said. "Profit gains depend excessively on price rebounds for raw material sectors such as oil processing or steel."
Raw material producers contributed 68% of the industrial profit gains in the first 11 months from a year earlier, NBS said.
Earnings from coal mining rose 157% in the first 11 months while those for base metal processing surged 275%.
Not all sectors showed gains. Industries such as oil and gas drilling and power supply saw profit declines in the first 11 months.