Obama Announces Debt Deal

Aug. 1, 2011
Congress could vote on packages as early as today.

President Barack Obama late Sunday announced an 11th-hour deal with Congress to avert an unprecedented default on U.S. debt payments, which would have sown chaos across the global economy.

With just two days left before the United States would have run short of cash, Obama and his Republican foes said after round-the-clock negotiations that they have reached a framework for more than $2.4 trillion in spending cuts.

"I want to announce that the leaders of both parties in both chambers have reached an agreement that will reduce the deficit and avoid default, a default that would have had a devastating effect on our economy," Obama said.

"This process has been messy; it's taken far too long," Obama told a hastily convened evening press conference.

"Nevertheless, ultimately, the leaders of both parties have found their way toward compromise."

But the package still needs approval from Congress, which could vote as early as Monday. Leaders of the Democratic-held Senate and Republican-led House of Representatives were working to rally polarized lawmakers.

"To pass this settlement, we'll need the support of Democrats and Republicans in both the House and Senate. There is no way either party -- in either chamber -- can do this alone," said Democratic Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid.

House Speaker John Boehner called the plan a remedy to avert "a job-killing national default that none of us wanted."

But the plan faces opposition both from the conservative Tea Party movement, which favors sweeping spending cuts, and liberal Democrats who want taxes on the wealthy before any thought of cutting social welfare programs.

As described by Obama and congressional leaders, the deal would raise the country's $14.3 trillion debt ceiling by at least $2.1 trillion. It also would make more than $2.4 trillion in spending cuts in two steps, including through a special new committee required to submit proposals by Nov. 23.

'Stabilization of Markets'

Asian markets cheered the deal, with the dollar climbing against the yen, crude oil prices surging and share prices in Tokyo, Hong Kong and Sydney all enjoying sharp gains in early trade.

Japan -- the top holder of U.S. debt after China -- praised the agreement, with Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano saying he expects it will "lead to the stabilization of markets."

Republicans crowed that the framework does not explicitly call for raising tax revenues -- at least in the first wave of deficit cuts -- despite Obama's repeated calls for increasing revenues from the rich and wealthy corporations.

The framework also would fulfill one of Obama's top goals: giving cash-strapped Washington the ability to borrow enough to avoid another politically fraught debt battle before he faces re-election in November 2012.

The package would cut military spending by at least $350 billion at a time that the United States is looking to exit Iraq and Afghanistan. A White House official hoped half of total cuts would come from defense, but leading Republicans have already cried foul.

Deal Capitulating to Republican Demands?

Obama trumpeted that the cuts would bring annual domestic government spending to the lowest level in 60 years but promised they would not come so "abruptly" as to be a "drag" on the fragile U.S. economy, still struggling with stalled growth and 9.2% unemployment in the wake of the 2008 meltdown.

But Representative Raul Grijalva, a fellow Democrat and co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, rejected the framework in a blistering statement declaring: "This deal is a cure as bad as the disease. I reject it."

Democratic House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, who planned to present the framework to her rank-and-file on Monday, said "we all agree that our nation cannot default" but gave Obama's announcement a chilly welcome.

"I look forward to reviewing the legislation with my caucus to see what level of support we can provide," said Pelosi, who lost her job as House speaker when the Republicans stomped to victory in November elections.

The New York Times was sharply critical in an editorial, saying that the deal was "a nearly complete capitulation to the hostage-taking demands of Republican extremists."

Tea Party lawmakers who triumphed in November have pushed for dramatic spending cuts and put strong pressure on Boehner. Tea Party favorite Representative Michele Bachmann quickly voiced opposition to the package.

"The 'deal' he announced spends too much and doesn't cut enough," Bachmann, a Republican presidential candidate, said of Obama. "Someone has to say no. I will."

It was unclear whether the accord would be enough to placate ratings agencies that have warned Washington's sterling Triple-A debt rating was in jeopardy -- a downgrade that would lead to a painful spike in interest rates.

Leading asset manager BlackRock said in a statement it was "encouraged by momentum to raise U.S. debt ceiling, but believes investors need to see real deficit reduction without delay."

Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2011

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